Topography and History
Apros, conveniently situated in the Thracian interior, served as the place of residence for multiple Odrysian kings in the 4th century BC.1 It is likely identical to the Galatian city known as Tylis,2 which formed the centre of the Galatian Empire in the late 3rd century BC. In addition to the coins presented here, the name of the city is handed down in various forms of writing, including on a phiale from the silver treasure of Rogozen.3 The history of the city is largely unknown, and only a few incidents, such as the presence of Antipater, are known. It has also been discussed whether or not the city had been destroyed by Antiochos II. However, the city was later the residence of Kavaros, and a Roman colony, ‘Colonia Claudia Aprensis’, was founded in the first century AD.
Draganov 2005, 342, Map 1, localizes it in the hinterland of the northern Propontis coast between the Chersonese and Perinth. The city was the seat of the Odrysian kings since Kotys I at the latest (383–359 BC); see: Hoover 2017, 59. ↑
Sources for celtic rulers in Thrace: Polyb. 4.45.9-46.4; 4.52.1-12; Steph. Byz. 640.20-21; Procop Aed. 4.11. ↑
Manov – Damyanov 2013, 12. ↑
Coin Production und Metrology
To date, only a few bronze coins in two nominal values are known from Apros. Both feature the head of Apollo on the obverse.4 The larger denomination, with a diameter of ca. 20–22 mm and a weight of just over 6 g, features the image of a kithara on the reverse.5 The smaller denomination, with a long (celtic) shield on the reverse, has a diameter of about 16–18 mm and a weight of ca. 3.2–4.7 g.6 They can probably be dated to either the middle of (260–252/250 BC) or to the end of the second half (240/230–218/213 BC) of the 3rd century BC. Because the same motifs appear on the coins of Kavaros, V. Damyanov and M. Manov conclude that the first coins of Kavaros were minted in Apros.7 This would suggest a date during his rule between 230/215218 BC.
Our type catalogue represents the state of research from August 2019 and does not take into consideration any coin types that have become known later. Further information, especially about new types, is always welcome.
- Draganov 2005 = D. Draganov, Coins of the Unknown Mint of Apros in Thrace, in: C. Alfaro Asíns - C. Marcos Alonso - P.Otero Morán (Hrsg.), XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática Madrid 2003 (Madrid 2005) 339–343.
- Manov – Damyanov 2013 = M. Manov – V. Damyanov, The First Mint of Cavarus, the Last King of the Celtic Kingdom in Thrace, American Journal of Numismatics 25, 2013, 11–19.
- Hoover 2017 = O.D. Hoover, Handbook of Coins of Macedon and Its Neighbors. Part II: Thrace, Skythia, and Taurike, Sixth to First Centuries BC, The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series 3 (Lancaster/London 2017), S. 59–60.